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Balochistan hills
Early farming village cultures developed throughout the Balochistan hills after 7000 B.C. Situated geographically between the Iranian plateau and the Indus plain, the area is a natural zone for interaction between the two regions, and evidence for cultural influence from the West is found even in these early settlements.

Mehrgarh is located at the foot of the Balochistan hills on the Kachi plain southeast of Quetta, situated strategically near the Bolan Pass. Consisting of four mounds, the site was excavated by the French team for eleven seasons between 1974 and 1985. The habitation of the site has been divided into seven periods, the first being the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period that dates to circa 7000 B.C. or even earlier. The site was abandoned between 2000 and 2500 B.C. during a period of contact with the Indus Civilization and then reused as a burial ground for some time after 2000 B.C.
Perhaps the most important feature of Mehrgarh is the fact that one can witness its gradual development from an early village society to a regional center that covered an area of 200 hectares at its height. In the course of this development, a huge platform that may reflect some form of authority was constructed at the site. Mehrgarh was also a center of manufacture for various figurines and pottery that were distributed to surrounding regions.

Situated on the Kachi plain approximately 10 kilometers southwest of Mehrgarh is Nausharo, excavated by the French team between 1980 and 1998. The site was first occupied at around 2800 B.C. before the Harappan period under the influence of the early farming cultures of Balochistan. The material culture of the site indicates that the site fell under Harappan influence or occupation by circa 2500 B.C. and reverted to the Balochistan cultures by 2100 - 2000 B.C. This is the period when new summer crops such as rice were introduced into the Kachi plain in peripheral regions where the Indus Civilization had formerly flourished.

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