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There seems to have been some veneration of horns and pipal leaves throughout Balochistan and the Indus valley even centuries before the establishment of the Indus Civilization. At that early stage the motif of a human head with horns decorated with flowers or pipal leaves first appeared, which may represent the beginning of an ideology involving a priestly figure or a deity. The stone sculpture of the "Priest King" from the Indus Civilization may have originally had a horned headdress affixed to the back of its head.
Graphic reconstruction of the "Priest King" (courtesy of Professor Michael Jansen (RWTH, Aachen University))

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