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The Gandhara Grave Culture developed from circa 1600 to 1100 B.C. in the regions of Swat, Gandhara and Taxila. The culture is characterized by artifacts found primarily in graves, with pottery that is somewhat similar to some of the pottery from northern Iran. The terracotta figurines buried with the pottery are simply made, and other ornaments are decorated with simple dot designs as well. Since horse remains were found in at least one burial, it has been suggested that these people may have been Indo-Aryan speakers who were presumably in the area by this time.

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